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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年06月第17卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)03-0110-06
 
一战期间中国收容及遣回德奥俘虏始末
 
袁灿兴
 
(苏州大学社会学院,江苏苏州,215123)
 
摘  要: 一战初,在中国尚未对德奥宣战时,就有一定数量的德奥俘虏被中国收容。至中国对德奥宣战后,驻京德奥使馆卫队及驻天津德奥军队均被加以收容。对所收容之俘虏,中国制定了系列俘虏管理条例,并在伙食、医疗、薪俸等各方面给以极大优待。一战结束后,至中国正式与德国达成和议,中国经海路将在华之德奥俘虏予以遣返。对一战后一些新独立国家的俘虏,中国也一一予以遣返。一战期间中国对德奥战俘之收容,既是海牙和会关于战俘待遇之陆战规例第一次在中国实践,也彰显了人道主义精神。
 
关键字: 第一次世界大战;中国近代史;德奥俘虏;海牙公约;外交事务处
 
 
About the German and Austria POW in China in the World War 1
 
YUAN Canxing
 
(Department of Society, Suzhou University, Suzhou 215123, China)
 
Abstract: At the beginning of World War 1, before China declared war to German and Austria, some German and Austria POW were taken into custody. After China declared war to German and Austria, more German and Austria soliders were taken into custody, series of control regulations were made for those POW too. POW of German and Austria received well treatment from meals to medical care in China. After the war, China made peace agreement with German and Austria, all the POW in China were repatriated to their own countries. The German and Austria POW in China were Hague peace conference’s first practicing in China, it also illuminated humanitarian spirit of the Chinese nation.
 
Key words: World War I; Chinese Modern History; German and Austria POW; Hague Convention; POW Intelligence Bureau
 
 
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