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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年06月第17卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)03-0116-05
 
儒家伦理影响下的汉代民间信仰新变化
 
李秋香
 
(河南大学文学院,河南开封, 475001)
 
摘  要: 汉之前,民间信仰的对象主要是自然崇拜以及对某些有功于民的古圣先贤的信仰。西汉中期后,随着儒家“独尊”地位的确立,儒家伦理在多种因素的作用下,对基层民众的生活产生了日益重要的影响。民间信仰的变化,便是这种影响的突出表现:一方面是以儒出仕的官吏成为民间信仰的对象;另一方面是世俗忠孝传说故事和孝感动天信仰的流播。可以说,符合儒家忠孝伦理的神灵成为西汉中期以后民间信仰的新的对象,这是不同于以往民间信仰的新特点。
 
关键字: 汉代;儒家伦理;忠孝;阴阳五行;民间信仰
 
 
New Changes of the folk Belief of the Han Dynasty Under the Influence of Confucianist Ethics
 
LI Qiuxiang
 
(College of Chinese Language and Literature, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China)
 
Abstract: After the intermediate stage of the Western Han Dynasty, along with the Confucianism’s status establishment of “Reveres alone”, Confucianism ethics has exerted important influence day by day on the basic unit populace’s life under many kinds of factor functions. One of the influence’s main performances was the change of the folk belief's object and so on aspects. The Confucianism ethics had the influence on folk belief mainly in two aspects. Official who served as an official through Confucianism became the folk belief’s objects, some fable stories about custom loyal or filial and the belief that filial behavior could move the heaven were spreading in the society. It could be said that the Heaven conforming to Confucianism loyal or filial ethics had been becoming new objects of the folk belief after the intermediate stage of the Western Han Dynasty.
 
Key words: Han Dynasty; Confucianism ethics; loyalty and filial duty; Yin Yang Wu Xing; folk belief
 
 
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