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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年06月第17卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)03-0168-06
 
宋前志怪小说中相术叙事之文化意蕴与艺术特色
 
张辟辟
 
(湖南师范大学文学院,湖南长沙,410081)
 
摘  要: 相术宣扬命定论思想,同时强调相德、相心的重要性,其中所蕴含的文化为志怪小说家所奉行。他们在小说中通过相术叙事不仅宣扬死生有命、富贵在天的观念,更宣扬相德、相心先于相形的理念,强化了作品的文化内涵,显示出浓厚的相术文化意蕴。结局照应相术对人物命运的预言,是相术叙事的基本模式。与命运有关联的身体部位或相关情节之描写,由相术引出的出人意表的情节和对美德的褒赞来塑造人物,增加了作品的形象性、生动性。概言之,相术叙事有引起事由、设置悬念、铺展情节、描写人物、严密结构、深化主旨、引人入胜等多重作用。
 
关键字: 相术;志怪小说;相术叙事;文化意蕴;艺术特色
 
 
Cultural Implications and Artistic Characteristics of Physiognomy Narrative of Mysterious Novels Before Song Dynasty
 
ZHANG Bibi
 
(College of Liberal Arts, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China)
 
Abstract: Physiognomy promotes ideological determinism while stressing the importance of morality and soul, which contains the culture of the mysterious novelists’ pursuing. The writers concerned promote determinism including the life and death as well as wealth and stress the concept of morality and soul compared to physiognomy in the novel through the physiognomy narrative in order to strengthen cultural implications of work, which are closely linked with cultural implications of physiognomy. It is the basic mode of narrative that shows the ending works in concert with the physiognomy predictions of the fate of the characters. Associated with the fate of the body part or the description of the relevant plot, the physiognomy leads to the unexpected plot of stories and the praisal of virtue to shape the character, which increases the image and vividness of work. Physiognomy has played the role of introducing the subject of narrative, arranging suspenses, developing plot, describing characters, tightening structure, deepening the idea and attracting readers and so on.
 
Key words: physiognomy; mysterious novels; physiognomy narrative; cultural implications; artistic characteristics
 
 
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