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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年06月第17卷第3期
   
本文已被:浏览2109次    下载541次   在线阅读483
文章编号:1672-3104(2011)03-0195-05
 
“或者说”类有标选择复句的
语义类型及语用机制考察
 
尹蔚
 
(华中师范大学外国语学院英语系,湖北武汉,430079)
 
摘  要: 探讨了“或者说”类有标选择复句较为典型的六种语义类型,即“等义近义”型、“概括→具体”型、“绝对→相对”型、程度上的“轻→重”型、“包含与被包含”型、“迂回曲折”型。此外从哲学依据、认知依据以及语用策略这三个方面探讨“或者说”类有标选择复句的语用机制。从哲学的角度来看,“同中有异,异中有同”的规律制约着“或者说”类有标选择复句的使用;从认知角度来看,“横看成岭侧成峰”的认知规律也制约着它的使用。另外,“或者说”类有标选择复句的实际运用还受到“求稳求准”的语用策略的制约。
 
关键字: “或者说”;有标选择复句;语义类型;语用机制;哲学依据;认知依据
 
 
Semantic type and pragmatic mechanism of “huozhe shuo(或者说)” marked selective compound sentences
 
YIN Wei
 
(Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China)
 
Abstract: The six kinds of typical semantic types are discussed mainly in this paper, namely, synonymous and synonymic type, summarized to concrete type, light to heavy by degrees type, include and included type, wimple type. Furthermore, we examine its pragmatic mechanism from three aspects: philosophical basis, cognitive basis and embodied pragmatic strategy. Firstly, from a philosophical point of view, the law which is “sameness in difference, different, but showing the sameness” restrict the use of “huozhe shuo (或者说)” marked selective compound sentences. Secondly, from a cognitive perspective, cognitive rules as “cross as many different angles” also restrict its use. Finally, the use of “huozhe shuo (或者说)” marked selective compound sentences is limited by pragmatic strategies as “striving for seeking prospective”.
 
Key words: “huozhe shuo(或者说)”; marked selective compound sentences; semantic type; pragmatic mechanism; philosophical basis; cognitive basis
 
 
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