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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年08月第17卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)04-0011-06
 
我国航运市场的垄断问题及其法律制度之构建
 
王秋雯,姜政扬
 
(清华大学法学院,北京,100084;中央民族大学法学院,北京,100081)
 
摘  要: 以班轮公会集体收取码头作业费事件为代表的航运垄断和限制竞争行为破坏了我国航运市场的竞争秩序,损害了中国货主的利益。但我国现有规则却无法从根本上构建起足以支撑航运业发展的有效竞争法律体系,需要制订能够规制航运业垄断行为的航运反垄断规则。航运反垄断规则应当采用与现有《反垄断法》相接轨的框架和内容来制定,应当单行于我国正在制订的《航运法》中,且作为《航运法》的核心部分,其基本架构包括实体和程序两部分。考虑到航运业的国际性以及由此衍生的垄断问题的国际性,在坚持该法域外效力的同时,也需以国际协作维持国际航运市场秩序、保护我国货主利益。
 
关键字: 航运反垄断法;航运竞争法;班轮公会;码头作业费
 
 
Construction of shipping competition rules in China
 
WANG Qiuwen, JIANG Zhengyang
 
(Law School of Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
Law School of Minzu University, Beijing 100081, China)
 
Abstract: Shipping monopoly hampered the free and fair competition in Chinese shipping market and infringed the Chinese shippers’ interests. Existing shipping competition related rules may not frame a holistical regulatory system and have led to a regulatory dilemma against illegally competitive conducts in the shipping market. China calls for a systematic framework of shipping competition rules. In terms of rule-construction, shipping competition rules should be legislated as the core of China’s Shipping Law while complying with the framework of China’s Antimonopoly Law. In terms of the content, shipping competition rules shall consist both substantive and procedure rules. In terms of the application scope, shipping competition rules shall apply to the anti-competitive conducts within China as well as those outside of China which adversely affect China’s domestic shipping market.
 
Key words: Shipping Antimonopoly Law; Shipping Competition Law; Liner Conference; terminal handling charge
 
 
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