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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年08月第17卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)04-0136-07
 
从《姐妹》与《圣恩》看乔伊斯的文化焦虑
 
李兰生
 
(湖南师范大学外国语学院,湖南长沙,410081;中南大学外国语学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 在乔伊斯看来,在19世纪末20世纪初,那些生活在殖民文化语境下的爱尔兰芸芸众生无论如何都无法摆脱生存的困境,他们都患上了一种精神“瘫痪”的痼疾。因此,用文学的形式来揭露这种痼疾,把国人从麻木不仁中唤醒,便成为了他的艺术使命和道德担当。其短篇小说集《都柏林人》中的《姐妹》和《圣恩》揭示的就是爱尔兰民族文化心理的瘫痪。乔伊斯对这种瘫痪的现状有着深深的焦虑,而这种焦虑,又有着深刻的社会、历史、文化根由,在本质上是一种文化焦虑。
 
关键字: 乔伊斯;《姐妹》;《圣恩》;精神瘫痪;文化焦虑
 
 
Joyce’s anxiety of culture over spiritual “Paralysis” in
“The Sisters” and “Grace”
 
LI Lansheng
 
(Foreign Studies College, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China;
School of Foreign languages, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: In Joyce’s view, from the end of the nineteenth to the beginning of the twentieth century the common Irish living in the colonial cultural context are unable to free themselves from their existential dilemma whatever they att, empt to do. They are all afflicted by an aeipathia of spiritual “paralysis,” over which Joyce has an intense anxiety. Therefore, he feels it his artistic mission and moral duty to lay bare in the form of literature such a chronic disease so as to awaken his countrymen from their torpor. This essay, through a close textual analysis of “Sisters” and “Grace” in Dubliners, draws the following conclusion: what Joyce reveals in his collection of short stories is actually the paralysis of the Irish national psychology; Joyce’s anxiety over this spiritual paralysis has its social, historical and cultural roots, therefore his anxiety is in essence an anxiety of culture.
 
Key words: Joyce; “The Sisters”; “Grace”; spiritual paralysis; anxiety of culture
 
 
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