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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年08月第17卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)04-0207-04
 
从词汇角度看《晏子春秋》的成书年代
 
谢祥娟
 
(上海大学文学院,上海,200444)
 
摘  要: 关于《晏子春秋》的成书年代问题,前辈学者多有考辨,但未见有从词汇的角度进行研究的。词汇作为语言三要素中最活跃的因素,对时代变化的反应是最灵敏的。在考察多部先秦典籍的基础上,通过对《晏子春秋》一书进行全面调查,发现此书中诸如“布衣、诚信、夫子、酣、枯槁、履、身体、声名、树木、睡、学问”等一系列词语具有鲜明的时代特征,即:这些词语本身或其某个义项始见于战国中后期,“夫子”一词的用法也与战国中后期文献相符。因此,有理由相信《晏子春秋》一书很可能成书于战国中后期,这一结论也可以与前辈学者的研究成果相印证。
 
关键字: 晏子;《晏子春秋》;词汇;成书年代
 
 
Some Lexical Evidence for Dating Yanzichunqiu(晏子春秋)
 
XIE Xiangjuan
 
(College of Liberal Arts, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China)
 
Abstract: On the issue about the time when Yanzichunqiu(晏子春秋) was written, many senior scholars had researched to make identification, but nobody had conducted the research from the lexical  angle. As the most active factor in the three elements of language, lexis has the most sensitive response to the times change. On the basis of investigating many pre-Qin ancient books, through a complete survey to Yanzichunqiu, it was discovered that a series of words and expressions such as Buyi(布衣), Chengxin(诚信), Fuzi(夫子), Han(酣), Kugao (枯槁), Lv(履), Shenti(身体), Shengming(声名), Shumu(树木), Shui(睡), Xuewen(学问) and so on in this book had the distiguished characteristics of the times. That is, these words and expressions themselves or one of their meanings first appeared in the mid and late part of Warring States. The usage of Fuzi(夫子) was also consistent with the literatures in the mid and late part of Warring States. Therefore, there are reasons to believe that the Yanzichunqiu was probably written in the mid and late part of Warring States. This conclusion can also be in agreement with the senior scholars’ research results.
 
Key words: Yanzi; Yanzichunqiu; Lexis; Date of its publication
 
 
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