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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2013年12月第19卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2013)06-0170-07
 
楚辞服饰描述的象征作用及其社会文化背景
 
昝风华
 
(德州学院中文系,山东德州,253023)
 
摘  要: 楚辞中的服饰描述有着丰富复杂的象征意义和极为重要的表达作用,这主要表现为:楚辞所写到的服饰常常是对人格之美的象征,并且楚辞中服饰所象征的美好人格有着多方面的内涵;楚辞中人物的服饰之美及有关描述象征和表现着一种强烈、执着的用世之志及此用世之志所遭受的重重打击;楚辞中有关服饰的某些描述还是人物在人格之美不获赏识、用世之志屡遭打击的情况下产生的忧结之情的表现或象征。楚辞中服饰的纷盛华美和香草服饰的频繁出现有其深厚的社会文化基础,楚辞服饰描述对人格和情志的象征和表达也有多方面的社会文化根源。
 
关键字: 楚辞;服饰描述;象征意义;表达作用;社会文化背景
 
 
A New Discussion on the Dress Description in The Songs of Chu
 
ZAN Fenghua
 
(Chinese Department of Dezhou University, Dezhou 253023, China)
 
Abstract: In The Songs of Chu, the dress description is rich in complex symbolic significance and important expressive function. Firstly, the dress described in The Songs of Chu is often a symbol of personality beauty, and this personality beauty symbolized by dress has many connotations. Secondly, the beauty of dress and related description show the personage’s strong and persistent ambition with the world, and the one after another set-backs to the author’s ambition. Thirdly, some descriptions about dress are an expression or symbol of the personage’s depression due to the unappreciation for his personality beauty and the set-backs to his ambition with the world. In The Songs of Chu, the beautifulness of dress and the high frequency of vanilla dress had a deep social and cultural foundation. The symbolization and expression of personality, emotion and ambition by the dress description in The Songs of Chu also had social and cultural roots in many aspects.
 
Key words: The Songs of Chu; dress description; symbolic meaning; expressive function; social and cultural background
 
 
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