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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2009年02月第15卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2009)01−0027−05
 
农业资本主义演进的普鲁士式道路:由改良到革命
 
张新光
 
(信阳师范学院经济与管理学院,河南信阳,464000)
 
摘  要: 农业资本主义演进的“普鲁士式道路”是在最大限度地保留农奴制残余的基础上,把封建领主制经济缓慢地转化为带有资本主义性质的容克地主经济,进而实现德意志民族统一和崛起之路。这种改良的道路使农民长期遭受资本主义和封建制度的双重剥削,并把德国带入军国主义的泥潭而不能自拔。二战结束后,原民主德国通过民主土地改革和农业社会主义改造,彻底铲除了容克地主经济的生存土壤,“普鲁士式的道路”最终以革命取得了独立地位。20世纪90年代初,德国实现统一后不仅完成了社会主义农业与资本主义农业的互相融合,而且完成了小农制与现代大农业的有效衔接,促使农业向着资本化、规模化、集约化、企业化、社会化、生态化的方向发展。
 
关键字:  农奴制;容克地主经济;普鲁士式道路;农业资本主义;社会主义农业改造
 
 
The “Prussian-road” in the evolution of agriculture captalism:

from reformation to revolution

 
ZHANG Xinguang
 
(School of Economy and Management, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, China)
 
Abstract:  The so-called “Prussian-road” in the evolution of agriculture captalism is to gradually transform the feudal lords economic system into the captalist Juncker host economy, and realize national reunification and rise of Germany as a result. This way of evolution had brought about double exploitation to the peasants over a long period of time, and had landed Gemany into militarism as well. After World WarⅡ, the Juncker host economy has been thoroughly eradicated in the former East Germany through democratic land reform and socialist transformation of agriculture, thus what is achived by “Prussian-road” is the independece of revolution but not that of reformation. In the early 1990s, not only the integration between the socialist and captalist agriculture but also the convergence of systems of small-scale peasant economy and morden mass agriculture economy is finished after the reunification of Germany, which promoted the development of large-scaled, intensive, enterprisatioal, socializedand ecological agriculture.
 
Key words:  reoccurence of Serfdom; Juncker host economy; Prussian-road; agriculture captalism; socialist transformation of agriculture
 
 
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