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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年04月第21卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2015)02-0014-06
 
论直觉、偏差和情绪在伦理决策中的作用
 
伍如昕
 
(中南大学公共管理学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 伦理决策是伦理学尤其是商业伦理研究领域中的重要议题。现有大多数伦理决策模型基于理性、意识和准合法的前提假设,将伦理决策视为逻辑和理性的过程。尽管这些模型在目前伦理决策的研究中占有主导地位,然而这些模型往往难以完全解释伦理思维和实践困境中的复杂性。事实上,许多非理性因素对伦理决策存在影响。通过回顾、梳理现有伦理决策中直觉、偏差和情绪对伦理决策影响的相关研究说明,这些非理性因素从根本上影响着人类伦理决策,并且导致对理性的标准化伦理决策理论的偏离。
 
关键字: 伦理决策;有限理性;非理性;直觉;偏差;情绪
 
 
The role of intuition, heuristics, and emotion in ethical decision-making
 
WU Ruxin
 
(School of Public Administration, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: Ethical decision-making is an important issue in the field of ethics research especially of the business ethics. Currently, most ethical decision-making models treat the process of ethical decision-making as a logical and reasoned process, sitting on assumptions of rational, conscious, and quasilegal reasoning. Such models are predominate despite the fact thatthey could not fully explain the complexity of the ethical thinking and the dilemmas in the practice. In fact, many irrational elements affect the processes in the ethical decision-making. The essay selectively reviews the effects of intuition, heuristics, and emotion, which profoundly affect human behavior and lead to systematic biases and departures from normative theories of rationality.
 
Key words: ethical decision-making; bounded rationality; irrationality; intuition; heuristics; emotion
 
 
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