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自然科学版 英文版
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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年04月第21卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览860次    下载846次   在线阅读281
文章编号:1672-3104(2015)02-0060-07
 
论假设性法律推理
 
齐建英
 
(郑州大学马克思主义学院,河南郑州,450001)
 
摘  要: 假设性推理是相对于演绎推理和归纳推理提出的“第三类推理”,其基本特征主要体现在前提的不完备性、结论的非单调性和过程的对话性上。法律推理是一种在特定语境中进行的言语交际活动。正是语境如影随形地影响着法律推理的整个言语进程,法律推理才呈现出假设性的特征,作为假设性推理而存在。假设性法律推理的提出并不是对法律推理其他逻辑形式的否定,而是对法律推理逻辑属性的进一步认识和深化。在追求确定性和可预测性的基础上,肯认法律推理的假设性,法律推理就有了更加全面而统一的逻辑基础。
 
关键字: 假设性推理;法律推理;语境;演绎推理;归纳推理
 
 
On the hypothetical legal reasoning
 
QI Jianying
 
(School of Maxism, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China)
 
Abstract: Hypothetical reasoning is “the third type of reasoning” which is relative to deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning and whose basic characteristics are mainly embodied in the imperfect premise, thenon-monotonic conclusion and the dialogic process. Legal reasoning is a kind of verbal communication activity in a specific context. It is the context that affects the entire speech process in legal reasoning which presents hypothetical traits, existing as hypothetical reasoning. Hypothetical legal reasoning is not a denial to other legal reasoning logic forms, but a further understanding of legal reasoning logic properties. Based on pursuing certainty and predictability, hypothetical legal reasoning is affirmed, which provides a more comprehensive and unified logic basis.
 
Key words: hypothetical  legal reasoning; legal reasoning; context; deductive reasoning; inductive reasoning
 
 
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