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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年04月第21卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2015)02-0213-09
 
毕沅幕府与乾隆后期诗坛
 
侯冬
 
(西北师范大学文学院,甘肃兰州,730070)
 
摘  要: 毕沅幕府是清代中期影响最大的诗人幕府,乾隆后期重要的诗人、学者几乎都入其幕府或与其有交游。在其幕府的雅集活动中,毕沅以官方指导者的身份影响着文坛风气,他一方面努力维护诗坛的“雅正”,另一方面他又和幕宾之间形成了强烈的情感认同。毕沅幕府沟通了“朝”“野”势力,体现了乾隆后期诗坛宗唐、宗宋诗风的融合,并以幕府中“为东坡寿”这一活动,促进了诗坛对宋诗的再认识,是乾隆后期诗坛复杂文学生态的缩影。
 
关键字: 毕沅;幕府雅集;文学生态
 
 
Bi Yuan shogunate and the late Qianlong Parnassus
 
HOU Dong
 
(School of Literature, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China)
 
Abstract: Bi Yuan shogunate was one with the greatest medium-term impact in mid-Qin dynasty, where almost all important Qianlong poets and scholars were hosted or associated. Gathering the shogunate in its activities, Bi Yuan influenced the literary circle with his identity as official guide. On the one hand, he strove to maintain Parnassus “Yazheng”; on the other, he built a strong emotional identity with the house guests. The fact that Bi Yuan shogunate communicated with both “courtly” and “wild” forces reflected that both styles of the late Qianlong Tang poetry and Song poetry were fused, and that the shogunate in the activity “as Dongpo life” promoted the re-understanding of Song poetry, which was complex literary ecological microcosm of late Qianlong poetry.
 
Key words: Bi Yuan; Shogun literary salon; Literary ecology
 
 
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