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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2008年10月第14卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2008)05−0631−09
 
网络民主在中国的功能及限度
 
郭小安
 
(武汉大学政治与公共管理学院,湖北武汉,4300723)
 
摘  要:  在中国现实背景下,网络提供了新的民主方式,激活了民主的元素,重新释放了受到压抑的民主参与热情,重塑了民主形式。网络民主发挥了政治输入和反馈、政治监督和纠错、政治宣泄和矛盾缓冲等功能。但网络民主功能发挥受现实政治的对接和容纳程度的影响;网络的“群体极化”和“协同过滤”带来的信息窄化和情绪的极端化影响及网络的隐蔽性和离散型带来的非理性参与行为的负面效应将影响网络民主功能的发挥;网络民主参与主体的结构性限制亦影响网络民主的深度和广度。网络民主的功能发挥取决与政府和公民是否能够形成良性互动。
 
关键字:  网络民主;现实功能;影响因素;限度
 
 
The function of and limits to cyber democracy in China
 
GUO Xiaoan
 
(School of Politics & Public Administration, Wuhan Uiversity, Wuhan 430072, China)
 
Abstract:  In the context of China, the Internet provides a new way of democracy, which can also activate the democratic elements, release the depressed enthusiasm for democratic participation, and reshape a new democratic form. Internet has played a crucial role in political input and feedback, political oversighting and correction, and given a vent to and buffer political conflicts. However, the function of cyber democracy is up to realistic politics. Then, the phenomenon of “group polarization” and “collaborative filtering” would lead to negative effects such as narrowing information and intensify emotional impact. Furthermore, the hidden and discrete character of Internet would bring about irrational political participation. At last, the main structural constraints of netizens would also affect adversely the depth and breadth of democracy. The result depends on whether government and netizens can make good use of the network media, and form a benign interaction.
 
Key words:  cyber democracy; Realistic function; Factors; Limits
 
 
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