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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年12月第21卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2015)06-0129-06
 
从支持到禁运:对法国重返印度支那进程中英国立场的考察
 
靳小勇
 
(武汉大学历史学院,湖北武汉,430072)
 
摘  要: 二战及战后一段时期内,在英国式渐衰落、非殖民化和冷战态势相互交织的情况下,英国政府通过外交手段不懈地致力于维持对东南亚地区局势的影响与控制。在法国重返越南的进程中,丘吉尔联合政府与艾德礼政府从外交与军事两个层面给予法国不懈的支持;印度支那战争爆发后,艾德礼政府转而顺应印缅舆论,对法国采取有条件的武器禁运政策。从支持到禁运立场的调整,既反映了英国政府在战后地区民族主义问题上与法国相迥异的视角与立场,同时也是英国战后总体战略收缩困境下,艾德礼政府为维持英联邦内部的团结、保有在东南亚地区事务中话语权而开展的外交努力的一部分。
 
关键字: 英国;法国;印度支那;非殖民化
 
 
From support to embargo: An analysis of Britain’s positions on France returning to Indochina
 
JIN Xiaoyong
 
(School of History, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)
 
Abstract: Within the period of the World War II and the postwar, the British government maintained its influence on southeastern Asia through diplomatic ways when the tendency of power declination, decolonization and the Cold War became apparently interwoven. In the process of France returning to Indochina, the Churchill Coalition government and Attlee Government gave supports to France at diplomatic and military levels. However, after the outbreak of Indochina war, Attlee government took arms embargo measures to France as a response to antiwar public opinions that arose in India and Burma. The adjustment of positions from support to embargo reflected different perspectives and positions between French government and British government on the issue of Asian nationalism after the war, and also expressed part of diplomatic efforts that Attlee Government took to sustain the Commonwealth internal unity, and to maintain its influence on the southeastern Asia regional affairs in the shrinkage of Britain’s postwar plight.
 
Key words: Britain; France; Indochina; decolonization
 
 
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