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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年12月第21卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2015)06-0141-05
 
流散视角下的历史再现——《上海孤儿》对英、日帝国主义侵华行径的双重批判
 
邓颖玲,王飞
 
(湖南师范大学外国语学院,湖南长沙,410081)
 
摘  要: 当代日裔英籍作家石黑一雄的代表作《上海孤儿》选取英、日帝国主义相遇的上海租界作为历史背景,透过流散视角再现了20世纪30年代遭受英国鸦片贸易、日本侵华战争双重侵略的中国历史。小说中的人物既是为历史洪流所夹裹的个体,同时也具有历史象征意义。在细读小说历史语境的基础上,通过分析小说主人公班克斯、戴安娜及山下哲的个人遭遇,认为小说从人物既是中心又是边缘的相对位置出发,审视了那段被西方学者压抑的中国殖民历史,批判了英、日帝国主义罪恶的侵华行径。
 
关键字: 石黑一雄;《上海孤儿》;流散视角;鸦片贸易;侵华战争;历史再现
 
 
Historical representation through a diasporic perspective: Double exposure of British and Japanese imperialist invasion into China in When We Were Orphans
 
DENG Yingling, WANG Fei
 
(Foreign Studies College, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081)
 
Abstract: When We Were Orphans, the representative novel of the contemporary Japanese-born British writer Kazuo Ishiguro, is set in the Shanghai foreign settlements where the imperialist Britain and Japan met. Through a diasporic perspective, the novel reconstructs the 1930s China under the double invasion of British opium trade and Japanese military aggression. Characters in the novel are individuals involved in the historical events with historical significance. Based on a close-reading of the historical context of the novel, this essay analyzes the personal stories of Banks, Diana and Akira with the conclusion that, from the characters’ relative positions of being the center as well as the marginal, the novel reproduces the colonization history of China repressed by western scholars and criticizes the UK and Japan’s evil invasion of China.
 
Key words: Kazuo Ishiguro; When We Were Orphans; diasporic perspective; opium trade; invasion of China; historical representation
 
 
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